Healthy ocean ecosystems are vital to maintain fishery productivity. Deterioration of water quality due to pollution with waste from homes and factories affects marine resources. Ocean pollution with plastic and microplastic waste has become severe. Fish
and seabirds ingest plastic and microplastic fragments, and microplastics are detected in fish and bivalves in many locations worldwide, which lowers their value as seafood and results in earlier death. In addition, overfishing lowers marine resource
sustainability, and illegal, unreported, unregulated fishing is now an international issue, with some tuna and shark species in danger of extinction. Smaller fish numbers increase the cost of catching them, lowering fishery productivity. Sustaining
overall marine ecology is therefore important for many reasons.
Some solutions have been proposed. One example is international legal agreements such as the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and exclusive economic zones that limit the areas of marine resource exploitation by coastal countries. Another example is
regional fishery management organizations (RFMOs). A well-known RFMO is the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT). ICCAT’s control of Atlantic bluefin tuna catches led to a change in the species’ category from “endangered”
to “of least concern” in the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature in September 2021. A third example is the reduction of plastic use. Many supermarket and other retail chains have stopped offering free plastic shopping bags
to customers and limited the use of plastic packaging, which are both important steps.
This course will enhance participants’ understanding of sustainable fisheries in terms of governmental policies and national approaches to conserve marine resources and improve the ocean environment. The APO combines these approaches with the perspectives
and benefits of the concept of Green Productivity. This will promote sustainable, productive fisheries in the long term and contribute to meeting the SDGs.
The APO developed this course with the support of Dr. Joji Morishita, Professor, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology.
The main objectives of this course are:
This e-learning course will cover the following modules:Module 1: Overview of global fisheries: Production, consumption, and resource conditionsModule 2: Frameworks for conservation and management of fisheriesModule 3: Case studies of conservation
and management of fisheriesModule 4: Fisheries and environmental conservationModule 5: Improving the ocean environment: SDG 14 (Life below water)