Transformation is necessary to improve agricultural productivity
significantly. The world has experienced several previous agricultural
transformations. Around 3000 BC, the introduction of irrigation expanded
agricultural boundaries. Crop rotation systems developed in the 18th
century contributed to higher production levels. The 1940s to 1960s saw
the development of pesticides and chemical fertilizers, and the 1960s to
1980s saw the use of agricultural machinery become widespread, both of
which raised productivity. Currently, smart technologies such as ICT and
the Internet of Things (IoT) are transforming agriculture and improving
its productivity levels.
Smart technology in agriculture involves automation and robots,
sensor-based environmental control systems, remote sensing for the
pinpoint distribution of inputs via drones, the use of power assist
suits by elderly farmers and others with physical constraints, and crop
damage prediction by artificial intelligence. The use of these tools
requires knowledge and training as well as equipment. This e-learning
course will introduce the necessary information to utilize smart
agricultural technologies effectively.
At the same time, if farmers cannot make a profit, they cannot
continue to operate. Smart agriculture is generally more costly than
traditional models of production. Higher-quality farm produce therefore
must be sold at higher prices, which requires acceptance by consumers.
Before introducing smart technology, farmers should conduct cost–benefit
analyses to ensure sustainability.
The APO Agricultural Transformation Program is aimed at enhancing
food security and meeting future food needs in the Asia-Pacific region
through increased productivity, quality, and innovation in agricultural
and food systems leading to improved rural livelihoods. In January 2019,
APO prepared the Agricultural Transformation Framework as an initiative
to propel growth through a holistic approach to building the capacity
of member countries to adopt modern technologies and best practices for
This course is being organized to train a critical mass of
individuals in APO member countries in acquiring with the practical
guidance on smart transformation of agriculture, and to promote it in
member countries. It will introduce concept of Agricultural
Transformation, smart agriculture, precondition to introduce smart
agriculture, and smart agriculture’s cost and income.
The Asian Productivity Organization developed this course with the
support of Dr. Sakae Shibusawa, Professor emeritus, Tokyo University of
Agriculture and Technology, Japan.
-There are 8 modules in this course. Please start with Module 1 and complete each module in order.
-The recommended timeline to complete each module is:
Days 1-2: Module 1
Days 3-5: Module 2+Quiz 1
Days 6-7: Module 3
Days 8-10: Module 4+Quiz 2
Days 11-12: Module 5
Days 13-14: Module 6
Days 15-16: Module 7
Days 17-19: Module 8+Quiz 3
Day 20: Final Examination
-To confirm your understandings, 3 quizzes are provided. Please
answer the questions and check your score for self-evaluation. Please
note that the quiz scores have no connection with the final exam
-It is recommended that you proceed to the next module only after satisfactory completion of the preceding module.
-After completing all modules, each participant should take the final
exam. Remember that you are only allowed to take the final exam once.
Please ensure that you have thoroughly understood all modules before
taking the final exam.
-After completion of the course the APO will provide e-certificates
to successful participants from APO member countries who pass the final
exam (minimum passing score is 70%).
1) Participants who register to take this course and pass the final
examination with a score of 70% or higher will be eligible to receive
the APO certificate. Please note that the final examination can be taken
only once. Therefore, you decide when you choose to take the
examination. Please note that the self-assessment quizzes are for your
own evaluation and have no connection with the final examination
2) Participants who perform well in this course and receive the APO
certificate will be given preference, on a merit basis, for selection to
attend the follow-up face-to-face multicountry APO project, provided
their nominations are received through the concerned NPOs and slots are
3) Notes 1 and 2 are applicable only to participants from APO member countries. Those from nonmember countries are welcome to take the course for self-improvement, although they are not eligible to attend follow-up face-to-face multicountry APO projects.